Self discrepancy theory international encyclopedia of the social sciences copyright 2008 thomson gale self discrepancy theory was introduced by psychologist e tory higgins (1987) with the purpose of explaining the relationship between aspects of the self and affect. To rogers, a belief that we are worthy of approval only when we express desirable behaviors and attitudes and refrain from expressing those that a discrepancy between a person's self-concept and aspects of his or her experience fully functioning person rogers's term for self-actualization, for. Subject: psychology paper: self and inner growth module: carl rogers theory on self content writer: dr ekta bhambri marwaha. Rogers self theory relativity to language learning as carl rogers's theory is humanistic in its essence, it has wide ranging implications in language learning when children start going to school at the age of four or five, they are being taught to write their names firstly this is the beginning of the. Nsidered the self-theory of carl rogers positive regard, self-worth, self-image, and self-ideal as for his self-theory, it is greatly consistent with traits in islam that it can be interpreted that the one who is striving to know oneself against his nafs (soul), meaning that true knowledge of the self would lead.
Carl rogers' humanistic personality theory emphasizes the importance of the self-actualizing tendency in forming a self-concept conversely, when there is a great discrepancy between our ideal and actual selves, we experience a state rogers called incongruence, which can lead to. Carl ransom rogers (january 8, 1902 - february 4, 1987) was an influential american psychologist and among the founders of the humanistic approach to rogers is widely considered to be one of the founding fathers of psychotherapy research and was honored for his pioneering research with the. Rogers built his theory on the scaffold of prior theorists, however, he called or more empirical research to support both his personality theory and his therapeutic approach carl rogers was born into a devoutly religious family in a chicago suburb in 1902 after the family moved to a nearby farm.
Carl rogers believed that humans are constantly reacting to the stimuli they encounter within their reality this stimuli changes constantly, which requires each person to develop their concept rogers believed that humans are always active they are always experiencing life as it occurs in creative ways. Rogers developed his theory around certain principles these are as follows: 1 actualizing tendency/ - carl rogers believed that the human organism has an underlying actualizing tendency, which aims to develop all capacities and potentialities in ways that maintain or enhance the organism and. Carl rogers person theory is based upon various assumptions, a general example may be if certain conditions exist, then a process will occur according to roger psychologically healthy individual perceive little discrepancy between their self-concept and what they ideally would like to be.
Person-centered theory carl r rogers is known as the founding father of person-centered therapy he was born in oak park, illinois, in 1902 to a devoted christian famous psychological theorists, sigmund freud and carl rogers, possibly two of the greatest thinkers of our time, both made much. Interested in carl rogers - self theory bookmark it to view later. 4 the ideal self is the view of one that one wishes to be 5 sometimes there are discrepancies or incongruence between the ideal self and the self concept 6 the person may or may not have awareness it can be: a it may be denied or it may be ignored b.
Self-discrepancy theory (higgins, 1987) proposes that discrepancies from ideal and ought selves create negative affect ogilvie (1987), in contrast, suggests that the undesired self-an avoidance-based self-goal-has a more powerful influence on emotions relative to ideal and ought selves. Carl rogers believed that for a person to achieve self-actualization they must be in a state of self-worth may be seen as a continuum from very high to very low for carl rogers (1959) a theory of therapy, personality and interpersonal relationships as developed in the client-centered framework. Carl rogers' self-theory of personality is primarily based on his approach known as client-centred therapy he stresses the importance of individual who determines his own fate there are two basic concepts that are regarded as the basis upon which his whole theory rests.
Contribution of carl rogers in the field of psychology the most important feature of personality is the self/self-concept incongruence is a discrepancy between the actual experience of the organism and the selfpicture of the individual insofar as it represents that experience. 1 carl rogers self actualization & theory of personality the curious paradox is that when i accept myself just as i am, then i can change 5 theory of personality defined as the organized, consistent set of perceptions and beliefs about oneself the self is our inner personality. Foundations of roger's theory the study of the human personality has grown in increasing complexity what rogers viewed as a missing link in what were then the traditional methods of self-actualization is impossible if these images (especially self-mage and ideal-self) don't overlap.
Self-discrepancy theory proposes that people represent a negative life event as saying something about their current state, their actual self now when the actual self is discrepant from an ought, people feel nervous, tense, and worried—agitation-related emotions that relate to anxiety. The self-discrepancy theory states that people compare themselves to internalized standards called self-guides these different representations of the self can be contradictory and result in emotional discomfort self-discrepancy is the gap between two of these self-representations.